69 year-old man with esophageal carcinoma, with a fistula tract (arrow) leading into the left bronchial tree. Placement of a coated wire-mesh stent successfully covered the fistula.
Left: 46 year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus, who had symptoms of aspiration. Endoscopy confirmed the presence of a fistula, which radiographically communicated with the right bronchial tree. Endoscopic placement of a coated wire-mesh stent covered the fistula tract sufficiently to alleviate the symptoms of aspiration.
Right: Proximal esophageal tracheo-esophageal fistula in a 79 year-old severely debilitated woman with recurrent pneumonia.
34 year-old woman with AIDS who presented with dysphagia and odynophagia. Endoscopy revealed a fistula, which proved on barium study to be intramural. Endoscopic biopsies were negative for pathogens and for neoplasia.
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